• IRAP (interleukin receptor antagonist protein) Therapy
IRAP therapy involves taking a small amount of blood from the horse and incubating it to allow the horse’s white cells to produce increased amounts of IRAP.
The sample is then spun down in a centrifuge to allow harvesting of the IRAP rich fluid portion which can then be injected directly into the affected joints.
The aim is to block Interleukin 1, a destructive chemical causing cartilage damage, and thereby reducing inflammation and potentially allowing for cartilage regeneration.
Each blood collection typically yields around 6 joint treatments and the extra doses are frozen for later use.
• PRP (platelet-rich-plasma) Therapy
Platelet Rich Plasma therapy (PRP) is a relatively new treatment which is commonly used for tendon and ligament injuries.
It involves taking a small amount of blood from the horse and processing it in the laboratory to harvest the portion containing the platelets.
This portion contains high concentrations of various growth factors which are capable of stimulating enhanced healing responses in the damaged tissue.
The PRP is injected directly into the injured tissue under ultrasound guidance.
• Stem Cell Injections
Mesenchymal Stem Cell therapy is a relatively new treatment, primarily used for tendon and ligament injuries, whereby stem cells are injected directly into the injured tissue.
Here they have the potential to grow and differentiate into new tendon or ligament cells, as well as being a source of growth factors (which will stimulate healing).